PARTICIPATORY VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
The Participatory Village Development Programme (PVDP) is a locally
registered development non-government organisation (NGO) established
in 1997 with a vision to see in the time to come a healthy, literate,
civic and socio-economically self reliant community. The organization
was formed with a mission to support the poor and disadvantaged communities
in improving the qualities of their lives, through encouraging people
to organize and mobilize themselves for social change.
PVDP was formed with a clear aim to tackle the causes of poverty and
deprivation and bring about a long term difference to the lives of the
most disadvantaged people of Tharparkar district of Sindh Province in
Pakistan. To achieve this aim PVDP and the community embarked upon the
challenging task of improving the natural resources upon which 90% of
the poor and disadvantaged people depend.
PVDP and the Community
will work together towards long term change by improving, the water
resources, the livestock resources and the general tree and fodder resources
of the target area. The improvement in the natural resources will contribute
directly to the improvement of living conditions of the poor and marginalized
people. When this happens, it will help the target groups to sustain
the project's benefits in the longer term.
The economy of Tharparkar
is mainly based on livestock and cattle which people raise to eke out
their daily living. 90% of the population of Tharparkar district live
below the poverty line and women and girls are especially disadvantaged.
the natural resources, PVDP and the community also work towards improving
the health, education and the development of capacities of the communities,
particularly the poor and marginalized groups.
THE BASIC VALUES
PVDP respects the
rights, culture and dignity of all people and stakeholders it is working
all human beings as equal irrespective of gender, caste, creed, beliefs,
affiliation or political commitment.
PVDP gives top
priority to the interests of the vulnerable groups such as women and
PVDP believes in
participatory approaches in all its work and intervention.
PVDP opposes discrimination
of all kinds.
THE TARGET GROUP
groups of PVDP are the poorest households in the project villages. These
households are carefully selected by PVDP staff and the village organization.
The main object of the programme is to enhance the socio-economic, health
and educational status the selected beneficiaries, 90% of which are
women and children.
PVDP AND THE COMMUNITY AIM TO TACKLE ARE:
Gender inequality and poverty
and girls are more vulnerable to poverty in Tharparkar. This is mainly
because of the gender inequality which has aggravated discrimination
due to social cultural and economic reasons. There is unequal participation
of women and girls in community life and there is hugely unequal access
to assets such as livestock, land, health and education. PVDP is striving
with the local communities to address the issues of gender inequality
in order to reduce poverty and marginalization of women and girls.
Together with building assets of women, the project aims to bring about
changes in attitudes, roles and behaviour that are essential for gender
equality to be achieved.
which produces the most essential means of survival, namely food, fodder
and fuel, is badly degraded due to human and animal pressures. PVDP
and the community have taken the challenge to restore the land's fertility
through developing its pastures and grazing lands. PVDP is motivating
the community to raise small flocks of animals, which are manageable
and more economical to the households.
At the same time
PVDP also advocates and motivates the community towards smaller family
units to reduce the overall pressure on resources.
This is a major problem
due to occurrence of frequent droughts and reduction of agricultural
output due to land degradation, loss of fertility and unfavourable marketing
of agricultural produce. Food production has decreased about 50% over
the last two decades while the population has almost doubled. PVDP is
making efforts with the project communities to find alternative land
uses to increase the household incomes.
For this purpose
a poverty reduction model based on improving the assets of households
and providing regular income to the households has been developed together
with the project communities. The poverty reduction model calls for
improving the natural resources with which the livelihood of majority
is directly linked.
The objective of
the poverty reduction model is to ensure secured livelihood for the
poor and disadvantaged communities and reduce their vulnerability related
to droughts and other disasters (earthquake).
Model of PVDP
To address the causes
of poverty and vulnerability of disadvantaged communities, PVDP and
its partner community organizations have developed a poverty reduction
model based on production and harnessing of natural resources on sustainable
grounds. A six activity based model is introduced through women at household
levels. The model ensures development of permanent assets for women
and a sustainable livelihood from livestock and land resources.
It also supports
women in manufacturing and sale of handicraft for supplementing family
income. The model ensures sweet drinking water and fuel efficient and
smokeless stoves for better health and improved environment. This is
a revolving loan non-cash model which is preferred over micro-credit
cash model introduced elsewhere. The concept used in this model is "build
on what people have" and what is culturally acceptable and economically
TO DEVELOPMENT WORK
all the relevant partners - the stakeholders
PVDP strongly believes in participatory approaches in all its programmes.
Consulting and involving marginalized people right from identification
of problems to the planning, implementation, monitoring, review and
evaluation stages is the normal practice of PVDP. PVDP believes that
involving the community at every stage of the project development is
vital to increase the chances of making a long-term difference and ensure
that the benefits of the project will be shared fairly among the poor
and marginalised communities. PVDP also seeks the collaboration of local
government bodies particularly those relating to agriculture, health,
education and veterinary services at district level.
capacities of community staff and volunteers
PVDP believes in the capacity building of the community organizations
it is working with, the staff implementing the programmes and of the
volunteers, to be able to tackle the causes of poverty more effectively,
more efficiently and in a sustainable way.
The aim of PVDP
is to eventually shift the responsibilities of the project over to the
community organizations over a number of years. It also means that over
the years, the role of PVDP will reduce and role of the community will
increase to the extent of taking over project activities and the management
of community development work by the "Goth Sujag Markaz" -
The Village Development Organizations of the villages.
Our constant interaction with project communities, government bodies
and other stakeholders provides us an opportunity to use our combined
energies and resources for the development of marginalized people and
enable them to have more control over their lives.
PVDP, in the course
of its work, aims to create more awareness of basic rights and equity
issues at the family level, at government and civil society levels.
This kind of awareness at various levels will help to influence attitudes
and practices among decision and policy makers. The aim is also to create
effective channels of communication between the grassroots and policy
makers which is fundamental to influencing sustainable changes to the
lives of the most disadvantaged people.
PVDP has developed networking with various NGOs and government
organizations in the development field. This kind of networking is helping
PVDP to share experiences and exchange resources to create an environment
of co-operation to bring about sustainable development initiatives for
the most disadvantaged groups. Networking is helping to share lessons
learned from project implementation of various network partners and
in maximising impact and building organizational expertise.
Learn as we go along
PVDP is a learning organization. It learns from everything it does
with the community and other stakeholders. The learning sharpens our
vision and helps us to improve the way in which we work as an organization.
PVDP is a rights-based
PVDP is a rights-based organization. It respects the rights, culture
and dignity of all people and stakeholders it is working with. The organization
considers all human beings as equal irrespective of gender, caste, creed,
beliefs or political affiliation. PVDP gives top priority to the interests
of the vulnerable groups such as women and children and their rights.
PVDP opposes discrimination of all kinds.
Community mobilization, awareness raising and forming of village
organizations of men and women is part and parcel of PVDP's development
initiatives with local communities. The major programmes undertaken with
the community are as follows:
- Livestock development
- Fodder and fuel development programme
- Water development programme
- Safe Motherhood
- Expanded programme of Immunization
- Promotion of smaller family units.
- Drought Relief
and Rehabilitation Programme
- Emergency preparedness trainings
- Capacity building
at community level
- Capacity building at staff level
- Capacity building at volunteer level.
Lobbying, networking and influencing opinions:
- Lobbying for major
issues of the district Tharparkar
- Networking with government bodies
- Networking with other NGOs
- Working to influence policies and practices.
PVDP started its work with only 10 villages in 1997 when it was
established. Work gradually expanded over last five years and at present
this organization is working with communities in 60 villages with a
population of about 50,000 comprising of about 7,000 households.
PVDP so far has
supported the communities in forming 22 men and 27 women's organizations
who are regularly trained to build their capacities for self reliance.
PVDP and village organizations have worked together to plant about 52,000
trees, grafted about 2,600 bair fruit trees, 400 rainwater harvesting
tanks, supported 14,104 poor families in times of droughts and earthquake.
Besides these activities,
the links of PVDP within and outside Pakistan has increased.
- PVDP's work is widely recognized by the community and local government
- PVDP's image as a development NGO is good in the Province of Sindh
- The staff has gained on the job experience in regular development
activities and relief work.
- PVDP is member of Indus NGO Network, which only admits value based
and functional NGOs as members.
- PVDP is mentioned as one of the leading NGOs of Tharparkar in the
two- stove model provides the facility to cook two meals at one time.
As the stove is smokeless, it saves women's eyes from smoke related
eye diseases besides preventing the internal portion of house and cooking
pots from blackening. The major benefit of this stove is that it saves
about 1/3rd of the fire wood. It is estimated that each household in
Thar burns about 10 kgs of wood per day. With this stove, about 3.3
kgs of wood is saved daily and in one year about 1200 kgs of wood is
The Thar population is about 1 million comprising of about 140,000 households.
If one household saves equal to 1200 kgs of wood, all the 140,000 households
together can save up to 168 million kgs or about
4.2 million mounds of wood equal to about 42,000 full grown trees per
year if they are using this fuel efficient stove.
The stove has a great environmental impact. The use of this stove helps
to improve our badly degraded environment due to cutting down of trees
for fire wood. It also helps to reduce land degradation and desertification
Cost of material for one fuel efficient stove Rs. 300
Cost of training per household Rs. 250
Cost of monitoring Rs. 150
Total cost on one fuel efficient stove Rs. 700 (£8)
of annual saved wood per household: 1200 kgs x Rs. 3/- per kg= Rs. 3,600)
The objective of
this programme is to motivate the community for raising small flocks
of animals to reduce the overall pressure of animals on the grazing
land which in turn will help to reduce land degradation and desertification
due to over grazing.
Under this programme a poor family is supported with a unit of 6 she
goats. The benefit of this activity to a poor family is two-fold; goat
milk is used to overcome the problem of malnutrition commonly found
in women and children due to poor diet and secondly, the male goat kids
are sold to supplement poor family's meagre income.
This is a revolving loan programme in which two goats are recovered
by the project each year, this way all the six goats come back to the
project in three years to help another poor family with the recovered
The selection of a poor family for the Small Flock Programme support
is made jointly by PVDP field staff and the Goth Sujag Markaz Committee
(Village Development Committee) of the village.
The cost of a unit of 6 goat is about Rs. 7,200
Benefit to beneficiary family in three years:
Value of milk Rs. 20,000, (£222) and income from the sale of a
male goat Rs. 15,000 (£167).
PVDP helps support
poor Thari households in raising bair fruits on their land for income
generation. 50 bair trees of local variety are grafted with improved
variety of marketable bair. It takes from two to three years to produce
bair fruit which can be sold in the market to supplement family income.
Traditionally three rains are needed to ripen the Thari crop of Bajra
and Guwar. If three rains do not occur on time, the crop becomes a failure.
The bair fruits can be raised in one good rainfall. Even if subsequent
rainfall does not occur, this activity still gives good results to the
One bair tree can produce a minimum of 20 kgs when it is in its prime.
So 50 bair trees can produce up to 1000 kgs of bair fruits in one season.
Normally the price of 1 kg of bair is between Rs.10 and 15 per kg. But
even in the village it sells for Rs.5 per kg. The income that can be
earned on 1000 kg production will be (1000xRs.5/-)
Cost of grafting one bair tree comes to Rs. 50 including cost of transporation,
staff time and cost of graft from another bair tree. So cost of 50 bair
graft cost Rs. 2500 (£28).
Annual bair sale (minimum) is Rs. 5,000 (£55).
and support is undertaken by PVDP and Goth Sujag Markaz to provide earning
opportunities for poor women to meet the basic food needs for their
families through sale of handicraft work.
The activity also helps to address the problem of food security among
the poorest families in times of drought when food shortages lead to
an increase in the illness and mortality rates amongst the poorest section
of the community.
PVDP supports women with quality raw material for making embroidery
which they can sell in the market. PVDP helps in improving the quality
and design of the products so that they can fetch a market inside and
outside of the country.
Cost of supporting one women with raw material comes to Rs.1000 (£11)
One woman on average can earn upto Rs.30 per day and in a year she can
earn up to Rs. 10,000 (£111) without disturbing her daily chores
(fetching water, cooking , tending goats, looking after children, helping
in agriculture activities).